A Brief Dive Into Private Credit Investing
Private debt has been a principal beneficiary of measures to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. The area has also gained traction since the global financial crisis of more than a decade ago that forced banks to retreat in some ways from forms of debt.
This article originally appeared on Wealth Briefing.
Private market investing has been a strong recent trend for wealth managers, eager as they understandably are for superior returns to those afforded from conventional bonds and loans when official interest rates are close to zero (or, in some cases as in Switzerland, actually negative). After the 2008 financial crisis, tighter bank capital adequacy rules also crimped the ability of banks to lend, shifting some of this activity into funds and other “shadow banking” areas. Except that there’s nothing particularly “shadowy” about such activity and it can be just as transparent and possible to track.
What’s the state of play in private credit? To answer that question is Simone Westerhuis, managing director at LGB Investments. She writes about the field, and the editors of this news service are pleased to share these views. Jump into the conversation and email the editors at firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com Remember, the standard editorial disclaimers apply to the views of outside contributors.
Private debt has been a principal beneficiary of measures to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. The CBILS, Bounce Back Loans, tax deferrals and numerous grants have prevented a systematic default during lockdown. More generally, with QE lowering bond yields and companies cutting dividends, investors are finding it hard to implement income strategies. Many have turned to private debt managers – according to data provider Preqin, over $34 billion was raised by private debt firms in Q220, up from $22 billion in Q120.
However, such dramatic developments will have consequences. Investors should ensure that they choose the investment strategy that meets their risk and return profile and a manager who can navigate this complex environment.
The impact of CBILS
With over £20 billion ($27.48 billion) lent to more than 80,000 companies, CBILS has changed the SME lending landscape. Not only has it provided low-cost funding for up to six years to companies, but it has altered the structures of the portfolios of non-bank lenders and fintech firms that became accredited lenders under the scheme and now account for approximately 20 per cent of CBILS lending. In general, it has improved the quality of portfolios and extended maturities, but also reduced average returns. Some sectors such as invoice discounting have been particularly impacted as borrowers have been able to term out their debts on more competitive terms.
The question is what happens next? Given the scale of the scheme, it is possible that some form of partially government-guaranteed lending must now remain a feature of the small- and medium-enterprise sector for years to come. Investors who entered the private debt sector after the global financial crisis in response to the opportunity to replace bank lending with convenient but expensive funding may have to adjust their return expectations.
Arrangers of private debt transaction are, however, always creating new structures to meet the requirements of the day. We can expect to see securitisations of CBILS loan portfolios. There may also be demand for loans that are subordinated to CBILS loans. Some managers might focus on borrowers that do not meet CBILS lending criteria or sectors that have been hardest hit by lockdown. Distressed debt funds might become more prominent as they were after previous crises.
Other core lending sectors not directly related to the pandemic include property and infrastructure. However, changing social trends and government policies post-lockdown will create both opportunities and credit stress.
Credit managers add value
The nature of the lending mentioned above is complex and requires expertise. There are five key areas where credit managers add value: finding or sourcing the right opportunities, negotiating and structuring terms, managing risk through diversification, monitoring and reporting, and intervention when things go wrong. An assessment of the merits of a manager should cover these areas with reference to resources and track record.
Another factor is the type of loan used. Most managers have proprietary loan documentation. At LGB we arrange the establishment of medium-term note (MTN) programmes. Traditionally used by large corporates and blue-chip companies, we have tailored ours to growth companies seeking diversification of lending sources as well as flexibility of funding. MTNs establish common documentation for multiple issues of securities, and their key feature is the access they provide to a diverse group of lenders. Companies can develop relationships with loan note holders, who make independent buying decisions. This means that companies are not reliant on the lending decisions of a single bank or fund. Debt can be raised under MTN programmes alongside senior borrowing facilities and equity, providing further flexibility.
We have created the LGB SME Fund to co-invest with our clients who purchase MTNs directly. Interest is reinvested in new MTN issues. Over the last four and a half years its NAV has increased by over 6 per cent per annum.
Increased demand for debt products
As the economy re-opens, we expect to find that lockdown and government support measures have complicated the credit landscape. There will be opportunities and pitfalls. Innovative credit products will be developed. Genuine credit portfolio management expertise will be even more highly valued.